Enhance agricultural productivity
Agriculture plays a crucial role in the life of an economy. It is the backbone of our economic system. Agriculture not only provides food and raw material but also employment opportunities to a very large proportion of population. The following facts clearly highlight the importance of agriculture in this country. People around the globe share a common need for a safe, nutritiousand reliable supply of food. Agriculture is of fundamental importanceto developing countries, because a well-functioning agricultural sectoris essential to ensuring food security, and agricultural products are amajor source of national income.Low crop and livestock productivity, a rise in the cost of fertilizer and seeds, and changes in land use patterns due to desertification, salinity and climate change affect the availability of food and increase food prices, which may push millions of people deeper into poverty. Techniques, molecular markers, genomics and reverse genetics. Efforts focus on improving yield and quality by enhancing the diversification and adaptability of crops for domestic use as well as for export markets, which contributes to income generation and socioeconomic development. Technical cooperation projects also help Member States to reduce pesticide use and to decrease the crop losses caused by pests and diseases, as well as to overcome phytosanitary (plant health) barriers to trade. This contributes to food security, more efficient use of agricultural resources, and increased trading opportunities.